Why Form a Limited Liability Company (LLC)?


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How to Start an LLC in Vermont

Located in the heart of New England in the Northeast U.S., Vermont is a beautiful state with an economy based around manufacturing, real estate, healthcare and retail.

For most business owners, the fastest and easiest way to start a business in Vermont is by creating a Vermont LLC. A limited liability company (LLC) is a type of business entity that’s ideal for startups and small- to medium-sized businesses. You get the advantages and protections of larger Vermont corporations, but with much simpler rules and regulations.

Briefly, the benefits of starting a Vermont LLC include:

  • Separating and limiting your personal liability from your business liability and debts
  • Quick and simple filing, management, compliance, regulation and administration of your Vermont LLC
  • Easy tax filing and potential advantages for your tax treatment

Learn more about the benefits of the LLC business structure here.

Form a Vermont LLC in Six Quick Steps

We’ve got lots of useful information on starting a business in VT. On this page, you’ll find the basic steps for starting a Vermont LLC, with more in-depth content throughout the rest of our guide.

STEP 1: Gather Information for Your Members

First, you need to gather basic information about your LLC, including the names and addresses of the managers or members. The LLC members are typically the people who own and run the business. They are also the ones who can take profits out of the business to pay themselves.

STEP 2: Choose a Unique Business Name

You will need a distinctive and original name for your LLC that’s not used by any other business in VT. To find out if another company is using your chosen business name, carry out a business entity name search on the VT Secretary of State website.

There are a few rules you’ll need to follow when choosing an LLC name. You can find out more in our guide to naming your Vermont LLC.

Learn about Vermont LLC business naming rules.

STEP 3: Provide an Official Address for Your VT LLC

Every Vermont LLC must have a designated street address. That could be your home address (if you’re running the company from your residence), your company’s office building or any physical address of your preference. The address must be inside the state of Vermont, but it cannot be a P.O. Box.

STEP 4: Assign a Vermont Registered Agent

Every LLC must have a “Registered Agent.” This is an official position; the Registered Agent is someone who receives official legal and tax correspondence and has responsibility for filing reports with the Vermont Secretary of State. In VT, Registered Agents can also be known as an Agent of Process.

This position can be filled by you, another manager in the business or a dedicated Registered Agent service. Your Registered Agent must have a physical street address in Vermont and must be present to receive important documents for your company during business hours.

At Incfile, all of our packages include a Vermont Registered Agent service that is free for the first year and just $119 per year afterward. We also have a dashboard where you can log in and easily view any document your Registered Agent has received on your behalf.

Learn more about Vermont Registered Agents.

STEP 5: Get an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service

You will need an EIN to identify your business with the IRS. You use this number when filing and paying taxes or when submitting payroll information and payments for your employees. You can obtain one directly from the IRS, or we can get one for you as part of the Vermont LLC business formation process.

STEP 6: File Articles of Organization with the Vermont Secretary of State

Once you've gathered all the information for your LLC, you’ll need to file a formal document with the VT Secretary of State. This document is known as your “Articles of Organization,” and filing the document creates your Vermont LLC. Here’s what is typically included:

  • Your business name and address
  • Details of your Registered Agent
  • Names of managers or members of the LLC at the time of filing
  • Addresses of managers or members of the LLC at the time of filing
  • Name of the incorporator

You can file your Vermont Articles of Organization online, mail in a form or have Incfile do it on your behalf. There is a fee to file and start an LLC in Vermont, but you only need to file your Articles of Organization once.

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Additional Information from the Vermont Secretary of State

The Secretary of State has plenty of other information on forming and running a business in Vermont. You’ll find other useful information below.

Special Types of Vermont LLCs

A regular Vermont LLC is suitable for most business needs, but you also have a few other options to incorporate a special type of LLC.

Professional LLCs in Vermont

Some states, including Vermont, allow certain occupations to form “Professional LLCs” (called a “PLC”). These types of businesses typically have special requirements and licensing, like those in healthcare or law. Vermont does not specifically list the professions that can form professional LLCs, but you can view more information on the Secretary of State website.

Additional Information in this Guide

You’ll find plenty more insight and guidance on the other pages of this guide, including:

Naming Your Vermont LLC

How to search the Vermont business registry of the Secretary of State and find the right name. Includes information on naming rules, fictitious names, reserving a Vermont LLC name and more.

Vermont Registered Agents for LLCs

How to appoint a Registered Agent to your new LLC or change to a different Registered Agent. Includes information on Registered Agent rules and searching forVermont Registered Agents.

Fees and Requirements for Vermont LLCs

How to understand the various fees you’ll need to pay and the requirements you’ll need to meet for both federal and Vermont rules. Includes details of Employer Identification Numbers (EINs), Vermont and federal business licenses, annual reports and more.

Federal, State, Sales and Other Taxes for Your Vermont LLC

How to understand the various taxes you will need to pay to the federal and Vermont government. Includes details of federal taxes like income and self-employment, and Vermont taxes like sales tax and income tax.

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What are the fees and requirements to form a business in Vermont?

Filing Time and Price

The state charges this amount to file a new business entity. This fee goes directly to the Secretary of State.

State Fee State Filing Time Expedited Filing Time
$125 10 Business Days 3 Business Days

Compliance Requirements

This report is mandatory and must be filed within the specified time frame in order for the entity to remain in good standing with the state. Failure to file this report can lead to the company being revoked or administratively dissolved.

Annual Report

Frequency: Annually

Due Date:  Calender Year: March 31
Fiscal Year: Within 2½ months after end of fiscal year.

Filing Fee:$35

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