Before ordering a single salon chair, it's important to do your due diligence by first conducting market research. As Small Business Administration (SBA) explains, "market research blends consumer behavior and economic trends to confirm and improve your business idea."
Start by gathering as much information as you can about your target customers. You can often do so by looking up demographic statistics about the area you're planning to open your salon.
With those answers in hand, you'll be much better prepared to make smart business decisions and create a winning plan for your salon.
From beach waves to elaborate nail art to laser skin treatments, the sky's the limit when it comes to the services your salon can specialize in.
That's because beauty salons might all belong to the same category, but that doesn't mean they're all the same. While one salon might offer hair services, another might offer tanning only — it all depends on the salon.
When choosing which type of salon to open, you can speed up the decision-making process by choosing which services to offer. Your options include:
And once you've chosen a general type of salon, you can differentiate yourself even further by choosing more specific specialties, whether that means balayage, beach-ready spray tans or something else entirely.
Once you know which type of salon you want to open, it's time to give it a name. And during the brainstorming process, don't be afraid to get punny.
After all, the salon world is full of opportunities for cheeky names. Case in point:
But if puns aren't your thing, you can always choose a name that's stylish and memorable. Even names as simple as 6th Street Salon or The Parlor have a certain ring to them.
Still stumped? No worries — our Business Name Generator can help.
Next, get your salon business ideas organized into a business plan. Be sure to include:
When people go to a beauty salon, they usually expect to feel like a VIP. But as salon owners across the country already know, the space and supplies needed to provide the red carpet treatment are far from free.
Wondering just how much it costs to start a beauty business? The exact amount varies, but it typically costs between $40,000 and $250,000 to buy an existing salon or anywhere from $100,000 to $500,000 to build one from the ground up.
In addition to startup costs, it's also important to account for other potential expenses, including:
Chairs, hair wash basins, tools, decor, drying hoods, massage tables, mirrors and retail shelving all add up fast, so be sure to calculate the cost of all the equipment you'll need.
In case an accident happens, you'll definitely want to get your salon insured.
If you decided to lease salon space rather than buying or building it yourself, you'll need to pay rent on it.
Website and branding
Salons offer luxury services rather than necessities, so you'll need to entice customers to purchase with an attractive website and branding. You can keep expenses low by doing it yourself, but professional-quality work from a designer will cost more.
If you're going to be placing ads for your salon or running marketing campaigns, remember to account for their cost.
Many salons sell hair, nail and skin products to customers, and if you want to do so too, then you'll need to buy them first.
Tools like hair dryers can use a significant amount of electricity, and washing each client's hair will send gallons of water down the drain. So, make sure your utility bills won't catch you off guard.
Ready to make things official and even more permanent than a good dye job? Register your beauty salon as a business entity with your state's government.
There are five main business structures to choose from:
If you don't formally register your salon, it will operate as a sole proprietorship by default. However, sole proprietorships offer zero personal liability protection in the event that your salon is sued or runs into financial trouble, so we don't recommend this option.
This is like a sole proprietorship but with two or more owners. Also like a sole proprietorship, a partnership probably won't be able to provide the liability protection you need.
Limited Liability Company (LLC)
As the most popular entity type for salons, an LLC is affordable and easy to set up but will keep your personal assets protected. Translation? Your house won't be at risk if your salon goes under.
This entity type is best for corporations with under 100 shareholders, but a small salon typically won't have a reason to become an S Corp.
A large chain of salons might want to register as a C Corp, but the process is far too complex and costly to be worth it for most independent salon owners.
Looking good isn't often cheap, and neither is opening a beauty salon. So, you may need to secure outside funding in order to open yours.
To raise capital for your salon, you can turn to:
Available from major banks nationwide, these loans have desirably low interest rates but can also come with strict requirements and lengthy funding times.
If you're willing to give up 100 percent ownership of your salon, you might want to pitch your business to investment groups.
Friends and family
Not keen on taking out loans from banks or other lenders? See if you have any friends or family members who'd be willing to help (just be sure to put everything in writing to avoid conflict down the road).
If you're able to drum up enough interest from your community, crowdfunding platforms like Kickstarter may be viable options.
You wouldn't want to trade in your smartphone for a cell phone from the 80s, so why would you run your salon with a cash register that is?
When choosing which technologies to use in your salon, pay attention to these key areas:
With a built-in cash drawer and receipt printer, the Square Stand Kit is a modern and relatively affordable option for any salon.
Once your salon is up, running and beautifying the community one client at a time, you'll still have to keep it compliant by performing some regular maintenance tasks.
Due on a quarterly basis, estimated taxes are required for almost all self-employed Americans.
In addition to your estimated taxes, you'll also need to prepare and file a yearly tax return for your salon. Don't forget about sales tax and payroll tax, too.
Not a numbers person? Don't sweat it — our Accounting and Bookkeeping service can take the stress out of tax season.
Renew Contracts, Permits and Licenses
If stylists rent out chairs at your salon, you'll need to renew your agreement with them on a regular basis.
Remember to keep your salon's permits, licenses and supplier contracts updated, too.
A Deeper Look at the Beauty Salon Industry
So you're in the process of opening your own beauty salon, but do you know the details of the industry you're entering? It's ready for its close-up.
As of 2022, the U.S. beauty salon industry (that includes hair, skin and nail salons) was worth an impressive $53 billion.
Even better, the market for both spas and beauty salons is expected to grow at a rapid rate, from $116 billion in 2020 to a staggering $244.5 billion by 2030.
Salon owners directly benefit from that growth, with the median salon owner salary being over $69,000. That's significantly higher than the United States' Q2 2022 median annual salary of about $54,000.
So know that as a future beauty salon owner, you're about to join a thriving industry that isn't showing signs of slowing down.