The Business Taxes Payable by Your New Hampshire LLC
Business taxes are a fact of life, and your NH LLC will need to pay a variety of taxes to both the federal and New Hampshire governments. We’ll cover all the main taxes in New Hampshire, including self-employment, payroll, federal and New Hampshire state tax on interest and dividends.
If you want help with your taxes, Incfile provides a complete Business Tax Filing service.
How Your New Hampshire LLC Will Be Taxed
The profits of a New Hampshire LLC are not taxed at the business level like those of C Corporations. Instead, taxes for a New Hampshire LLC work as follows:
- New Hampshire LLC owners pay self-employment tax on business profits.
- New Hampshire LLC owners pay state tax on dividends and interest.
- All LLC owners pay federal income tax on any profits less federal allowances or deductions.
- Employers pay payroll tax on any salaries they pay to employees.
- Employees pay federal, state and payroll tax on their earnings.
Items 1, 2 and 3 are taxed as “pass-through” income for any LLC owners, managers or members who receive profits from the business. Any profits are reported on federal and New Hampshire personal tax returns, and that’s where you will pay those taxes.
New Hampshire State Tax
There’s one main type of tax that you will pay to the New Hampshire Department of Revenue Administration: New Hampshire state income tax, which is applied to interest and dividends. As a New Hampshire business owner, you will pay state tax on just interest and dividends — regular earnings are not taxed by the state.
The New Hampshire state tax rate for interest and dividends is 5 percent.
Get details on the New Hampshire state tax here.
Federal Taxes for Your New Hampshire LLC
There are a couple of different federal taxes that every LLC will need to pay, including New Hampshire LLCs. These are self-employment tax and federal income tax, which are taxed as “pass-through” income via your tax return forms.
Federal Self-Employment Tax
All New Hampshire LLC business members or managers who take profits out of the LLC will need to pay self-employment tax. This tax is also known as FICA, Social Security or Medicare tax. It applies to all the earnings you withdraw from your New Hampshire business. The current self-employment tax rate is 15.3 percent.
You will be able to deduct your business expenses from your income when working out how much self-employment tax you owe. Here are some examples of how much self-employment tax you may need to pay, depending on your earnings:
- On profits of $50,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $7,650.
- On profits of $80,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $12,240.
- On profits of $120,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $18,360.
- On profits of $140,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $21,420.
Pay Less Self-Employment Tax by Treating Your New Hampshire LLC as an S Corporation
The Internal Revenue Service allows LLCs to ask to be treated as an S Corporation for tax purposes. This can help you reduce the amount of self-employment tax that you pay by declaring some of your income as salary and other income as distributions or withdrawals.
You can do this by making an “S Corporation Tax Election” with the IRS using a form known as Form 2553. We can file your Form 2553 with the IRS on your behalf.
Incfile Form 2553 S Corporation Tax Election for an LLC service
Speak to your accountant for more information on reducing your New Hampshire LLC self-employment tax through an S Corporation tax election.
Federal Income Tax
You must also pay regular federal income tax on any earnings you take out of your New Hampshire LLC. The amount of income tax you pay depends on your earnings, current income tax brackets, deductions and how you file.
You only pay federal income tax on your LLC profits that you take out of the business, less certain deductions and allowances. This includes your tax-free amount, plus LLC business expenses and other deductions for areas such as healthcare and some retirement plans. Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employee and Employer Taxes for Your New Hampshire LLC
If you pay employees, there are some slightly different tax implications. Speak to your accountant to get clear guidance for your own unique situation.
Employer Payroll Tax Withholding
All employers must collect and withhold payroll tax from their employees when they receive their salaries. You would normally withhold 7.65 percent of the taxable salary that you pay to your employees.
Employer Federal Tax Withholding
You may also choose to withhold federal income tax on the wages you pay to employees. Speak to your accountant for more information.
Employees May Need to File Tax Returns
Regardless of whether you withhold federal tax, your employees may need to file their own tax returns.
Employee Insurance and Other Requirements
You may also need to pay insurance for any employees, like employee compensation insurance or unemployment tax. There will also be other requirements you have for employees.
Get more requirements from the New Hampshire Department of Labor website.
Other Taxes and Duties for Your New Hampshire LLC
Depending on the industry you are in, your New Hampshire LLC may be liable for certain other taxes and duties. For example, if you sell gasoline you may need to pay a tax on any fuel you sell. Likewise, if you import or export goods you may need to pay certain duties. Speak to your accountant about any other taxes you may need to withhold or pay.
Estimated Taxes for Your New Hampshire LLC
Most New Hampshire LLCs will need to pay estimated taxes throughout the year, depending on the amount of income and profit you expect to make. The most common types of estimated tax are:
- Federal income tax
- Federal self-employment tax
- New Hampshire tax on interest and dividends
Most New Hampshire LLCs will pay estimated taxes four times a year. Speak to your accountant for more information.
FAQs on New Hampshire LLC Business Taxes
Does New Hampshire Have Sales Tax?
No. New Hampshire does not have a statewide sales tax.
Does New Hampshire Have a State Tax?
No. New Hampshire does not have an income tax on earnings, but it does levy a tax on interest and dividend income.
Do I Need to Pay Estimated Taxes?
Yes. In most cases you must pay estimated taxes on your New Hampshire tax, federal income tax and self-employment tax. Speak to your accountant for more information.