Why Incorporate in New Hampshire?
Not only does New Hampshire not have an income tax, it also offers a few business incentives to help business get a leg up in their industry. You may be able to take advantage of these incentives, provided your corporation meets certain criteria.
For example, the New Hampshire Research and Development Tax Credit enables businesses to apply for tax credits on new research and development costs they can use toward business taxes paid. The credit can be carried forward for up to five years.
For a lot of entrepreneurs looking to start a larger business, creating a New Hampshire corporation may be the best choice. As a corporation, your business is able to buy and trade stock, and when it comes to excess profits, corporations offer more flexibility than a limited liability company (LLC). A corporation is allowed to pass income and losses to its shareholders, who report taxes on an individual tax return at ordinary levels.
Is an LLC Better Than a Corporation?
It all depends on your goals. Limited liability companies are usually better for smaller businesses. An LLC is easier to set up, and you receive many of the same benefits as a corporation, but with less regulation.
Learn more about forming a New Hampshire LLC so you can decide which business entity is right for you.
Benefits of Forming a New Hampshire C Corp
Benefits of Forming a New Hampshire C Corp
It offers several advantages similar to those provided by a C Corp including, but not limited to:
- Options for creating, transferring and selling stock, though not as many as a C Corp
- The capacity for up to 100 shareholders
- Simpler rules than those that apply to C Corporations
- Easy transfer of ownership simply by selling your stock
- The possibility of saving money by allowing you to pay less self-employment tax
In this guide, you’ll find information on naming your corporation, getting a Registered Agent, the fees you’ll need to pay, business taxes and much more. We also cover what you'll need to register your corporation and how you'll interact with the NH Secretary of State.
Start a Business in New Hampshire Checklist
To help you along the way, use our Starting a Business checklist to keep track of everything you need to do to get your business up and running.
How to Form a New Hampshire Corporation Yourself in 6 Steps
Step 1 - Choose a Unique Business Name and Complete a State Business Search
Step 2 - Provide an Official Address for Your Corporation
Step 3 - Assign a Registered Agent
Step 4 - File Your Articles of Incorporation with the NH Secretary of State
Step 5 - Get an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service
Step 6 - Write Your Bylaws
Choose a Unique Business Name and Complete a State Business Search
Every New Hampshire business must hold a unique name that isn't already being used by another business in the state. If you’re having difficulty coming up with a name, try using our Business Name Generator to gather ideas. You'll need to follow a few naming rules, which you can read about in detail on the New Hampshire Corporation Names page.
Once you’ve picked a name, you’ll need to make sure it’s available in New Hampshire. To learn whether another company in the state is using your desired business name, use our tool to do a New Hampshire entity search.
You can also carry out a name search on the NH Secretary of State website.
Provide an Official Address for Your Corporation
Every New Hampshire corporation must have a designated address. That could be the address of your house (if you’re running the company from your residence), a building where your office is located or any physical address of your preference. The address can be outside the state of New Hampshire and can be a P.O. Box.
You may also be able to use a virtual mailbox for your business address. Incfile can provide you with a New Hampshire virtual mailbox where we'll receive your mail, and scan it for your online review. This can be especially convenient if you run a home-based business and don't want your home address published as part of your business public record.
Assign a Registered Agent
Someone who receives official correspondence and is responsible for filing reports with the Secretary of State is known as a Registered Agent. Every New Hampshire corporation is required to have a Registered Agent.
You can fill this position yourself, assign another manager in your business or use a Registered Agent service. If your Registered Agent in New Hampshire is a person, they must have a physical street address in New Hampshire and must be available during business hours to receive important documents on behalf of your company.
You'll appoint your Registered Agent when you file your New Hampshire Articles of Incorporation with the Secretary of State and formally create your business.
All of Incfile’s business formation packages include Registered Agent service. It’s free for the first year and just $119 per year after that. You can also access a digital dashboard to view any document we've received on your behalf.
File Your Articles of Incorporation with the NH Secretary of State
Once you've gathered all the information for your corporation, you’ll need to file your Articles of Incorporation with the NH Secretary of State. This will officially create your business.
Your Articles of Incorporation can be filed online via the state's digital portal. You can also mail or deliver the form in person to the Office of the Secretary of State, or Incfile can file it on your behalf. The New Hampshire corporation filing fee is $100 (plus a $2 fee for online filing).
File by Mail
NH Dept. of State
107 N Main St, Rm 204
Concord, NH 03301-4989
Submit in Person
State House Annex
3rd Floor, Rm 317, 25 Capitol St
You only need to file your New Hampshire Articles of Incorporation once, but every year after, you'll also need to file an annual report with the NH Secretary of State. Incfile can remind you about this every year, or we can do it for you if you have us handle the paperwork.
What are the fees and requirements to incorporate in New Hampshire?
Get an Employer Identification Number (EIN) from the Internal Revenue Service
You'll need an EIN to identify your business to the IRS. You use this number when filing and paying taxes, when submitting payroll information and payments for your employees and for opening a business bank account. You can obtain one directly from the IRS, or Incfile can get one for you as part of the New Hampshire corporation formation process.
A set of rules that govern how a corporation will be run, bylaws detail how many directors the corporation will have, whether the board of directors will have annual meetings and what the voting requirements are, among other things.
Some states require companies to create bylaws and New Hampshire is one of them, however you're not legally required to file them with the Secretary of State in New Hampshire. Regardless of legalities, it's always a good idea to write bylaws to protect your business from any future changes and events.
New Hampshire Corporation Types
Check with the NH Secretary of State to confirm whether your business should and can be a Professional Corporation.
Helpful Resources from the State of New Hampshire
How to search the state business registry and find the right name. Includes information on naming rules, trade names, reserving a corporation name and more.
How to appoint, change and search for Registered Agents. Also includes the duties they fulfill and the rules they’re required to follow.
Details the various fees you’ll need to pay, as well as the state and federal requirements you’ll need to meet. Includes details about Employer Identification Numbers (EINs), state and federal business licenses, annual reports and more.
Covers the various taxes you’ll have to pay to the state and federal governments. Includes details about state taxes such as interest and dividends, enterprise, and profits, and federal taxes such as income and self-employment.