Michigan Registered Agents for Your LLC
The Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs requires every MI LLC to have a Registered Agent, or as it’s referred to in Michigan, a “Resident Agent.” Once you’ve assigned a Michigan Registered Agent, they can receive official correspondence and documents on behalf of your MI business. Registered Agents can be individuals or other specialized Registered Agent service businesses.
Your LLC must have a Michigan Registered Agent at all times, and you can appoint a Registered Agent when you first start your business. You can also replace your existing MI Registered Agent at a later date, provided there is a smooth transition between the old and new Registered Agent service.
Here’s what we cover:
- Information on the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs and MI Resident Agent Services
- Rules for Michigan Resident Agents
- What to Expect from a Michigan Resident Agent Service
- Appointing a MI Resident Agent Service for Your Michigan LLC
- Change Your Michigan Resident Agent After Your LLC Is Formed
- MI Resident Agent Search
- The Problems Caused When You Don’t Appoint a Michigan Resident Agent Service
- FAQs About Michigan Resident Agents
Information from the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs
In Michigan, a Registered Agent is formally known as a “Resident Agent;” we’ll use those names interchangeably in this guide. A Resident Agent’s functions and requirements are identical to those of Registered Agents described above.
Here’s some important information from the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs on MI Resident Agent services:
- “A resident agent and registered office must be included in the Articles of Organization. A resident agent is someone who is appointed by the company to receive any documents, notices, or demands served upon the company. The resident agent must be a Michigan resident, a Michigan corporation, a foreign corporation with a certificate of authority to transact business in Michigan, a Michigan limited liability company or a foreign limited liability company authorized to transact business in this state.”
Rules for Michigan Resident Agents
There are certain rules that you must follow when you’re appointing a Michigan Registered Agent service for your business. They are:
- If the Registered Agent is a person, they must reside in Michigan
- If the Registered Agent is a business, they must be able to conduct business in Michigan
- The Registered Agent must have a physical street address in Michigan, not a P.O. Box
- The MI Registered Agent must be available in person during normal business hours to sign for any correspondence
Note that the MI Registered Agent address does not need to be the same as your Michigan LLC business address.
What to Expect from a Resident Agent Service
Your Michigan Registered Agent carries out several valuable services for your business. They accept official communications and documents from the MI Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs on your behalf.
This may include:
- Correspondence from the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, like a notice to file reports and other forms
- Service of process documents (for example, if your Michigan LLC has legal proceedings issued against it)
- Official Michigan and federal government documents, form filings and requests for information (including taxes, permits and company filings)
Get a Free Registered Agent Service in Michigan
If you have an LLC that’s incorporated in Michigan and you need a MI Resident Agent, we can help. Incfile provides a complete Registered Agent service for any Michigan business. If you form your business through Incfile, we’ll act as your Registered Agent free for your first year (normally a $119 annual cost).
We are authorized to conduct business in Michigan and can legally act as your Registered Agent.
Here’s what you need to know about Incfile’s MI Registered Agent service:
- The Registered Agent will always be available to accept documents and letters on your behalf
- We automatically notify you whenever we receive correspondence for your business from the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs or anyone else
- We scan your correspondence and upload it to a dashboard, so you can review it when convenient
- We forward all correspondence to an address you choose
Appointing a MI Resident Agent Service
You can appoint a Registered Agent when you first incorporate your Michigan LLC or at any point after that. Here’s how to go about it.
Assign Your Michigan Resident Agent When You Form Your MI LLC
Your business needs to have a Michigan Registered Agent Service as soon as it’s formed. You can achieve this through one of the following methods.
You will need to include details of your Registered Agent in your Articles of Organization. This is the form that you file with the MI Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs to formally create your business.
When you incorporate through us, we complete and file your Articles of Organization based on the information you’ve provided. Additionally, we give you a free Michigan Registered Agent service for the first year, and we’ll include details of your MI Registered Agent in the form that we file.
Change Your Michigan Resident Agent After Your LLC Is Formed
You can also change your MI Registered Agent service after you’ve formed your LLC. There are a couple of ways to achieve this.
Once you’ve chosen a new Michigan Registered Agent, you can complete a Certificate of Change of Registered Office/Agent (form CSCL/CD-520) that’s available on the MI Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs website. Once you’ve filled it out, send it to the Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs so they can update your records.
When you choose to use our MI Registered Agent service, we take care of all the form filling and filing for you. We’ll collect important information about your business, complete the Certificate of Change of Registered Office/Agent on your behalf and send it to the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs. We’ll let you know once we officially become your Registered Agent.
MI Resident Agent Search
In some situations, you might want to know the name of the Registered Agent that represents another Michigan LLC. If you do, you can search the business database of the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs, which will often provide details of a specific business’ Registered Agent.
If the MI Registered Agent isn’t available from the searchable business registry, contact the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs requesting the information.
Consequences of Not Assigning a Michigan Resident Agent Service
What happens if you choose not to assign or provide details of a Registered Agent to the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs? There are several possible ramifications, including:
- Getting served or sued and not finding out about it: If your LLC is sued and you don’t know about it, you could lose to a default judgment in your absence.
- Falling out of good standing with the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs: If you don’t respond to certain correspondence (like the request for your annual report), certain states may revoke your right to do business.
- Losing your status as a Michigan LLC: A MI Registered Agent “proves” to the state that your business exists. Without it, you could lose your business entity protections and your Michigan LLC may be dissolved.
You Can Appoint Yourself as Your Own Michigan Resident Agent
If you have an address in Michigan, you can choose to be the Registered Agent for your LLC. We don’t recommend this approach, as there can be some drawbacks:
- The MI Registered Agent must have a physical street address in Michigan. If you’re forming an LLC outside MI, you will need to use an in-state Registered Agent.
- You always need to have someone on hand during business hours at the Michigan address to sign for important documents.
- The MI Registered Agent’s name and address are part of the public record and available through the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs website. If you would prefer your name and address aren’t published, you might choose a Registered Agent service.
- If you change your Michigan business address or move out of state, you would need to file additional documentation with the MI Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs for the new address if you act as your own Registered Agent. This would not be the case if you use a Registered Agent service, making a move or address change much simpler.
FAQs About Michigan Resident Agents
Yes. All MI LLCs are required to have a Registered Agent. This is mandated by the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.
You can either do it when you incorporate your Michigan business through paperwork filed with the MI Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs or afterward by filing the correct form. If you form your business through Incfile, we will file all necessary forms on your behalf.
Yes, but we don’t recommend it for the reasons listed above. If you still want to be your own Registered Agent, you just need to fill in the correct forms and pay a fee to the Michigan Department of Licensing and Regulatory Affairs.
Yes. Additionally, if they are a business providing Registered Agent services, they must be legally able to conduct business in your state.
Useful Resources for Michigan Registered Agent Services
You might find these resources helpful: