Why Form a Limited Liability Company (LLC)?

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The Business Taxes Your MD LLC Will Need to Pay

There are a wide variety of business taxes that your Maryland LLC will need to pay. These include tax that’s payable to the Maryland government, like Maryland sales taxes and Maryland state tax. You will also need to pay federal, self-employment and possibly payroll tax to the IRS.

If you want help with your taxes, Incfile provides a complete Business Tax Filing service.

How Your Maryland LLC Will Be Taxed

The profits of a Maryland LLC are not taxed at the business level like those of C Corporations. Instead, taxes for a Maryland LLC work as follows:

  • 1

    Maryland LLC owners pay self-employment tax on business profits.

  • 2

    Maryland LLC owners pay MD state tax on any profits, less state allowances or deductions.

  • 3

    All LLC owners pay federal income tax on any profits less federal allowances or deductions.

  • 4

    Some MD LLCs pay Maryland sales tax on products.

  • 5

    Employers pay payroll tax on any salaries they pay to employees.

  • 6

    Employees pay federal, state and payroll tax on their earnings.

Items 1, 2 and 3 are taxed as “pass-through” income for any LLC owners, managers or members who receive profits from the business. Any profits are reported on federal and Maryland personal tax returns, and that’s where you will pay those taxes.

Maryland Taxes Payable to the MD Comptroller

There are two main types of tax that you will pay to the Maryland Comptroller: Maryland state income tax and Maryland state sales tax.

Maryland State Income Tax

As a Maryland business owner, you will need to pay MD state tax on any money you pay to yourself. These earnings flow through to your personal tax return, which is where you will pay Maryland income tax. You will be taxed at the standard rates for Maryland state taxes, and you will also get to apply regular allowances and deductions. Any salaried employees will also need to pay personal Maryland state taxes.

The Maryland state tax rate varies between 2 and 5.75 percent, based on earnings.

Get details on the Maryland state tax here.

Maryland Sales Taxes on LLC Sales

If you sell physical products or certain types of services, you may need to collect sales tax (also known as sales and use tax) and then pay it to the MD Comptroller. Maryland sales tax is collected at the point of purchase. Maryland sales tax rates do vary depending on the region, county or city where you are located. You will typically need to collect Maryland sales tax on:

  • Tangible, personal property and goods that you sell like furniture, cars, electronics, appliances, books, raw materials, etc.
  • Certain services that your Maryland business might provide

Most states do not levy sales tax on goods that are considered necessities, like food, medications, clothing or gas.

Get details on the Maryland sales tax here.

Maryland Sales Tax Rates

Sales tax rates do vary between states, counties and cities. Typically, the state will set a base sales tax rate, then specific counties and cities may levy small additional sales tax amounts on top of that.

Federal Self-Employment and Income Taxes for Your Maryland LLC

There are a couple different federal taxes that every LLC will need to pay, including Maryland LLCs. These are self-employment tax and federal income tax, which are taxed as “pass-through” income via your tax return forms.

Maryland Federal Self-Employment Tax

All Maryland LLC business members or managers who take profits out of the LLC will need to pay self-employment tax. This tax is also known as FICA, Social Security or Medicare tax. It applies to all the earnings you withdraw from your Maryland business. The current self-employment tax rate is 15.3 percent.

You will be able to deduct your business expenses from your income when working out how much self-employment tax you owe. Here are some examples of how much self-employment tax you may need to pay, depending on your earnings:

  • On profits of $70,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $10,710.
  • On profits of $120,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $18,360.
  • On profits of $140,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $21,420.
  • On profits of $160,000, you would pay self-employment tax of $24,480.

Pay Less Self-Employment Tax by Treating Your Maryland LLC as an S Corporation

The Internal Revenue Service allows LLCs to ask to be treated as an S Corporation for tax purposes. This can help you reduce the amount of self-employment tax that you pay by declaring some of your income as salary and other income as distributions or withdrawals.

You can do this by making an “S Corporation Tax Election” with the IRS using a form known as Form 2553. We can file your Form 2553 with the IRS on your behalf.

Incifle Form 2553 S corporation tax election for an LLC service

Speak to your accountant for more information on reducing your Maryland LLC self-employment tax through an S Corporation tax election.

Maryland LLC Federal Income Tax

You must also pay regular federal income tax on any earnings you take out of your Maryland LLC. The amount of income tax you pay depends on your earnings, current income tax brackets, deductions and how you file.

You only pay federal income tax on your Maryland LLC profits that you take out of the business, less certain deductions and allowances. This includes your tax-free amount, plus LLC business expenses and other deductions for areas such as healthcare and some retirement plans. Speak to your accountant for more information.

Employer and Employee Taxes for Your Maryland LLC

If you pay employees, there are some slightly different tax implications. Speak to your accountant to get clear guidance for your own unique situation.

Maryland LLC Employer Payroll Tax Withholding

All employers must collect and withhold payroll tax from their employees when they receive their salaries. You would normally withhold 7.65 percent of the taxable salary that you pay to your employees.

Employer Federal and State Tax Withholding for Your Maryland LLC

You may also choose to withhold federal and Maryland state income tax on the wages you pay to employees. Speak to your accountant for more information.

Employees May Need to File Tax Returns

Regardless of whether you withhold federal and Maryland state income tax, your employees may need to file their own tax returns.

Maryland LLC Employee Insurance and Other Requirements

You may also need to pay insurance for any employees, like employee compensation insurance or unemployment tax. There will also be other requirements you have for employees.

Get more requirements from the Maryland Department of Labor website.

Other Taxes and Duties for Your Maryland LLC

Depending on the industry you are in, your Maryland LLC may be liable for certain other taxes and duties. For example, if you sell gasoline, you may need to pay a tax on any fuel you sell. Likewise, if you import or export goods, you may need to pay certain duties. Speak to your accountant about any other taxes you may need to withhold or pay.

Estimated Taxes for Your Maryland LLC

Most Maryland LLCs will need to pay estimated taxes throughout the year, depending on the amount of income and profit you expect to make. The most common types of estimated tax are:

  • Federal income tax
  • Federal self-employment tax
  • Maryland state tax

Most Maryland LLCs will pay estimated taxes four times a year. Speak to your accountant for more information.

FAQs on Maryland LLC Business Taxes

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